Is there enough awareness about schizophrenia in society? Are we focusing on educating people about a variety of mental diseases, and not just the common ones? Well, in this article, you will learn all about Schizophrenia, ie. What it is? What are the symptoms? What are the risk factors? & What are the treatments?
WHAT IS SCHIZOPHRENIA? First of all, I would like to share a story of a family dealing with a Schizophrenic person; my cousin, who is way older than me, started experiencing the symptoms of the disease. When he told his family about the voices he heard or his delusional thoughts, they dismissed him as he was notorious for being a little rebellious and dramatic. His condition only worsened, and it came to a point when he was running around in the city travelling in trains to reach nowhere, as he thought a famous gangster back in my hometown was following him, intending to kill him. It took a lot of effort and hardships to find him and bring him to a stable condition; if only his family had been aware of such a disease and illness, he could have been saved from being tortured by his own mind.
When discussing mental illnesses, schizophrenia is still not as well understood in society as anxiety and depression. Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disease that affects 7% of all psychiatric patients admitted to Agra Mental Health Hospital.
Symptoms of schizophrenia include delusions, hallucinations, speech problems, difficulty thinking, and lethargy. However, treatment significantly improves most symptoms of schizophrenia and reduces the likelihood of relapse.
The complexity of schizophrenia may explain why there are many misconceptions about it. Schizophrenia does not mean split or multiple personalities. Most people with schizophrenia are no more dangerous or violent than the general population. Lack of community mental health support can lead to homelessness and high numbers of hospitalizations, but it is a common misconception that people with schizophrenia will either be homeless or hospitalized. Most people with schizophrenia live at home, in shared housing, or alone.
SYMPTOMS • Psychosis is a set of symptoms defined by a loss of touch with reality as a result of disruptions in the way the brain processes information. When someone has a psychotic episode, their thoughts and perceptions are disrupted, and they may have trouble distinguishing between what is real and what is not
• A delusion is a persistent false belief despite clear or reasonable evidence that it is invalid. The most common is persecution delusions (or paranoia), in which people feel hurt or tormented by another person or group.
• A hallucination is the perception of hearing, seeing, smelling, tasting, or experiencing things that are not physically present. They are bright and clear and look like everyday perceptions. The most common type of hallucination in schizophrenia and related disorders is auditory hallucinations or "hearing voices."
• Disorganized thinking and speaking refer to confused and/or illogical thinking and communication. For example, a discussion may move from one topic to another or respond to another topic. The symptoms are strong enough to interfere with everyday conversation.
• Disorganized or abnormal motor behaviour refers to movements that range from youthful playfulness to unexpected excitement or manifest as unexplained repetitive movements.
RISK FACTORS Researchers believe that various genetic and environmental variables contribute to the aetiology, and life stresses may play a role in the development and progression of symptoms. Experts cannot pinpoint the exact reason for an individual event, as multiple variables may be involved.
TREATMENT There is no cure for schizophrenia, but many people manage their symptoms adequately. Many antipsychotics help reduce the psychotic symptoms experienced during the acute phase of the illness and reduce the likelihood and severity of subsequent acute episodes. It can relieve and improve functioning, but other therapies seek to reduce stress, promote employment, or improve social skills.
Substance abuse can interfere with diagnosis and treatment. People with schizophrenia are more likely to abuse drugs than the general population. If there are signs of addiction, addiction therapy should be administered parallel to schizophrenia treatment.
COEXISTING WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA AND REHABILITATION Many people with schizophrenia benefit from treatment and can lead incredibly productive and fulfilling lives. Some people get very well with any chronic illness, while others remain symptomatic and need support and care.
Once schizophrenia symptoms are under control, various treatments are available to help patients manage their disabilities and improve their lives. Treatment and psychosocial support help patients develop social skills, manage stress, recognize early warning signs of relapse, and prolong periods of remission. Because schizophrenia usually presents in early adulthood, people with this condition often benefit from rehabilitation, which helps them acquire life-management skills, complete vocational or educational training, and remain employed. increase. For example, supported employment programs have been shown to help people with schizophrenia become independent. These initiatives provide competitive jobs in the community for people with serious mental illness.
Patients, families, and mental health professionals agree that many patients have a benign course of the disease, that the problem is often manageable, and that patients have many health issues that need to be recognized and nurtured. It must be remembered that there are personal qualities.
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Picture Credits - Helpguide.org
03-Dec-2022 , 08:04 AM
30-Nov-2022 , 11:37 AM